Women and men share many similar health problems but women also have their own health issues. The gender of the interpreter is of particular importance for women and families seeking care for sexual and reproductive health issues, so that information can be appropriately shared between health providers and women. It is more appropriate for the interpreter to be female, especially when discussing sexual and reproductive health. Therefore, this course is specifically design for female interpreters to get an overall understanding of women's health issues. It will also benefit fellow female who wants to know more about our own body so we can take better care of ourselves.
- Using this course
Online course: This online course serves two purpose. First, it can be taken as a standalone course to gain essential knowledge on the Women's Health Issues. Secondly, it is also supplementary to the three workshop sessions,containing a variety of learning material and exercises designed to help you understanding the topics covered by the workshops.
Support : If you require support/assistance, please tweet me.
- Workshop dates: Tuesdays, August 14, 21, 28 2012
Before we start
BEFORE WE START
Women are more likely than men to go to the doctor, but that doesn't mean they're getting better care. In fact, doctors are still likely to miss heart attacks in women, because the typical symptoms are different than those in men, and autoimmune disorders, more common in women than men, are notoriously hard to diagnose.Click on the title below to find out more information about Women's Health
Module One: Overview of Women's Health Issue
This week we are going to have a deep look at different types of women's health issues and then focus on the most common cancers in women in NZ.
The Presentation below is about the Women's general health issues. It will be presented at he first session of Workshop One.
Most common cancer in Women: Breast Cancer
You might think breast cancer will have nothing to do with you because you live a healthy life and you don't have any family history of the disease. But do you know that eight percent to eighty-five persent of women with breast cancer have no family history of the disease. Isn't this a shocking figure? And what even worse is that ONE in seven women will develop breast cancer in her life. So the real question we, women, need to ask ourself is that "How much do we really know about this disease?
In this section we will look at this very common disease in depth, covering following topics:
- What is Breast Cancer
- Implications for interpreting practice
Second-most common women's cancer-Ovarian Cancer
One woman dies of ovarian cancer every two days in New Zealand, yet few women seem to even know what the symptoms are.
Ovarian cancer is often referred to as the silent killer. There is no screening test for it and it can be either genetic in origin or sporadic. Symptoms are often dismissed as vague and difficult to pinpoint. And it certainly doesn’t enjoy the public profile of other cancers.
For all that, ovarian cancer is a big killer. It rates as the fourth-leading cause of cancer deaths in New Zealand women – behind lung, breast and colorectal cancer. One woman dies of the disease every two days, with annual deaths totalling 188. In terms of incidence, it’s the second-most common women’s cancer (290 new cases are reported each year, compared with 170-180 for cervical cancer).
In this session, we are going to look at Ovarian Cancer, covering following topics:
- Risk Factors
Other Cancers in Women
Last session we looked at Ovaries cancer, this session we will explore another two types of Gynecologic cancers: Cervix Cancer and uterus Cancer
Module Two: Gynecological Problems
Women face a number of gynecological problems, some of which can be rather serious. Occasional check ups as well as awareness about one’s body is important to prevent the various gynecological complications. Some of the examinations related gynecological problems include routine annual exams, breast examination, Colposcopy, pelvic ultrasound for diagnosis of abnormalities, and other check ups. Some of the common gynecological problems seen in teenage girls and adolescents include PMS, menstrual disorders, urinary tract infections (UTI) eating disorders and vaginitis. Each of the gynecological problems has their specific symptoms and treatment.
In this moduel, we will look at about eight of the most common gynecological problems.
- Vrinary Tract Infection
- Cervical Dysplasia
- Cervical Erosion
- Ovarian Cysts
- PCOS(polycystic ovarian syndrome)
- PMS (Premenstrual syndrome)
Urinary Tract Infections
About half of all women will have at least one UTI in her lifetime, while many women suffer through several infections throughout their lifetime. Women are particularly susceptible to urinary tract infections or UTI. This is because women have a shorter urinary tract than men. The good news: Infections are easily treated with antibiotics.
However, some women seem prone to recurrent UTIs than others and for them it can be a frustrating battle.
Some women suffer so much from this as 'PMS', who come to change the whole routine in the period. But nowadays, it is necessary to act more so because the medicine had his advances. The TPM is given by variations in the levels of chemicals in the brain. These vary in response to hormonal changes that occur before and during menstruation. And the result is a lot of anger, depression, anxiety and many other symptoms. To treat this condition, you should relax and do physical exercises especially in the long term.
A common disorder of the female reproductive organs is the incidence of Ovarian Cysts. Medical researches reveal that a a major population of females across the world are today affected by this disease, which leads to the formation of Cysts in the Ovary.
In the medical terminology, the development of a fluid-filled sac in either of the female ovaries, is the reason behind such a disorder. Mostly benign and non cancerous in their nature, Ovarian Cysts often have no external manifestation in the woman's body.
There is no age for such a growth, and cyst formation can take place even in the body of a young girl.
Cervical dysplasia refers is abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix that are seen underneath a microscope. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the ***.
The changes are not cancer. However, they can lead to cancer of the cervix if not treated.
A cervical erosion is a change to the cells around the opening on the cervix, causing ***l discharge. Glandular cells are normally only present inside the cervix. However, these cells can grow out of the cervix into the vagina, causing an embarrassing problem. They are mucus-producing cells and they can cause massive amounts of discharge if the erosion is large. This condition can be treated by a gynaecologist who can cauterise the cells, preventing the mucus being produced.
Endometriosis is a female health disorder that occurs when cells from the lining of the womb (uterus) grow in other areas of the body. This can lead to pain, irregular bleeding, and problems getting pregnant (infertility).
Vaginitis (infection of the ***) is the most common gynecologic condition encountered in the office. It is a diagnosis based on the presence of symptoms of abnormal discharge, vulvovaginal discomfort, or both. Cervicitis may also cause a discharge and sometimes occurs with vaginitis.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal problem in women. It is also a metabolic disorder that affects several body systems and can cause significant long-term health consequences.
PCOS is often characterized by enlarged ovaries, with multiple small painless cysts or follicles that form in the ovary.
Two other key features of PCOS are production of excess androgens (male sex hormones) and annovulation (the failure to ovulate properly), which makes PCOS the leading cause of infertility.
Module Three: Obstetric related decease
Obstetrics (from the Latin obstare, "to stand by") is the medical specialty dealing with the care of all women's reproductive tracts and their children during pregnancy (prenatal period), childbirth and the postnatal period. In this module we will look at most common problems that occur during pregnacy, including:
- Obstetric examinations
- abnormal pregnancy
- problems during labor and delivery
- obstetric emergency
- Infertility and PCOS
- Infertility and IVF
The Obstetric Examination involves the examination of the pregnant abdomen. This should always be performed after a thorough Obstetric History as this will guide the examination.
The slide show below will give you an overview understanding of what is obstetric examinatioin.
(Please note, this presention includes audio)
Labor and Delivery
Problem during labor and delivery